‘Del modernisme a les avantguardes. Dibuixos de la col·lecció de la Fundación MAPFRE’

28 March 2019 to 23 June 2019
Museu de Maricel

Exhibition : OF MODERNISM IN THE AVANT-GARDE DRAWINGS FROM THE MAPFRE COLLECTIONS

Dates : March 29 to June 23, 2019

Venue:  Maricel Museum (Carrer de Fonollar s / núm, Sitges)

Price : € 10 (€ 5, reduced). Access to visit the museums of Cau Ferrat and Maricel

Guided tours : Every Tuesday until June 18: 15h (in English), 16h (in Spanish) and 17h (in Catalan). Price: € 5

Marià Fortuny, Auguste Rodin, Edgar Degas, Picasso, Francis Picabia, Henri Matisse, Salvador Dalí and Joan Miró are some of the names present in the exhibition From Modernisme to the Avant-garde. Drawings from the Mapfre collections, which opened on March 28 at the Maricel Museum and which is a complete radiography of the drawing scene at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, through some of the most prestigious and famous artists. The exhibition is curated by Ignasi Domènech, head of the Sitges Museum Collections and is jointly organized by the Sitges Heritage Consortium and the Mapfre Foundation. It can be seen until June 23.

From Modernism to the Avant-garde. Drawings from the Mapfre collections, a careful selection of 47 drawings from Mapfre collections. It is a splendid exhibit of 33 key artists from the 19th and 20th century, such as Marià Fortuny, Auguste Rodin, Edgar Degas, Joaquín Sorolla, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Francis Picabia, Paul Klee, Joaquín Torres García, Juan Gris, Joaquim Sunyer, Joan Miró and Salvador Dalí. All the works are part of the Mapfre collection, created in 1997 and one of the most prestigious private collections in Spain. The exhibition is exhibited on the ground floor of the Maricel Museum, which until a few weeks ago hosted the Maricel Centennial exhibition.

From Modernism to the Avant-garde. Drawings from the Mapfre collections are shown for the first time in Catalonia, but before it was exhibited at various museums, such as the Picasso Foundation (Malaga, 2001), the Museum of Fine Arts of Cuba (Havana, 2004) , the Cervantes Institute in New York (2004-2005), the National Museum of Art of Mexico (2007) or the Bass Museum of Art in Miami (2008), among others.

 

Drawing as a genre in its own right

Drawing has been, from the origins of the history of mankind, one of the inherent expressions to individuals, although throughout recent history, art collecting has not shown great interest in drawing in comparison with the attention received by painting. Drawing has served as an element of learning and education of the technical and aesthetic capacities of the creators and very often reflect, like any other support, the creative genius of authors. Since the nineteenth century with the birth of the modern artist, voluntarily detached from the tyranny of the market, the drawing has passed the field of private experimentation or design element of future proposals to become an artistic genre in its own right

The tour of the exhibition From Modernism to the Avant-garde. Drawings of the Mapfre collections begin with academic drawings by two artists such as Marià Fortuny and Joaquín Sorolla (still linked to the tradition but which show expressive qualities that go beyond the classic drawing taught at the academies of fine arts). Below are noucentista drawings such as the ones by Joaquim Sunyer or Enric Casanovas, who communicate with others such as those of Francis Picabia, Auguste Rodin or Egon Schiele.

The construction of a language of an abstract nature, of a geometric and analytical nature on the horizon of Cubism, is reflected by works by Joaquim Torres García, Rafael Barradas, Juan Gris, Albert Gleizes and Sonia Delaunay. The constructive sense of painting and its limits with sculpture can be seen in other drawings such as the collage of Alexander Archipenko or the Kurt Schwitters Miniature, with a Dadaist spirit. At the same time, there are works by Spanish artists working in Paris, such as Pablo Picasso or Juan Gris. The privileged presence of these artists in the French capital allowed them to come in contact with the gestation of the surrealist movement. Some of the authors present in the exhibit were active members of the group and essential figures of the movement, such as Salvador Dalí or Joan Miró.

The exhibition ends with the opening - after the Civil War - of new paths related to primitivism or pure forms such as those of Ángel Ferrant, who coexist with the beginnings of informalism as more gestural or material as is the case of the collage of Chillida that closes the exhibition.

 

The script of the exhibition

 

1 The tradition

The tour begins with drawings of academic nature by two artists such as Marià Fortuny and Joaquin Sorolla, still linked to the tradition but showing expressive qualities that go beyond the classic drawing taught at the fine arts academies-

  

2 Modernity

From 1900 until the Civil War, which marks a fracture in our cultural tradition, there were a whole series of transformations and a process of art renewal that came reinforced by the relationships that were established between Spanish and European artists. In this process, the image of women played a very important role and became the true protagonist of the modern world. We can see it in noucentista drawings by Joaquim Sunyer or Enric Casanovas, who are related to others such as those by Francis Picabia, Auguste Rodin or Egon Schiele.

 

3 The  avant-garde spirit

The construction of a language of an abstract nature, of a geometric and analytical nature on the horizon of Cubism, is reflected by works by Joaquim Torres García, Rafael Barradas, Juan Gris, Albert Gleizes and Sonia Delaunay. The constructive sense of painting and its limits with sculpture can be seen in other drawings such as the collage of Alexander Archipenko or the Kurt Schwitters Miniature, with a Dadaist spirit. At the same, the exhibition shows works by Spanish artists who then worked in Paris, such as Pablo Picasso or Juan Gris.

  

4 Surrealism

The privileged presence of Spanish artists in Paris allowed them to come in contact with the gestation of the surrealist movement. Some of the authors present in the exhibition were active members of the group and essential figures of the movement. This is the case of Salvador Dalí or Joan Miró  .

 

5 At the edge of the avant-garde

After the Civil War, the impulse of the avant-garde seems to be diluted and new paths related to primitivism or pure forms like those of Angel Ferrant, that coexist with the beginnings of informalism more gestural or material as is the case of the collage of Chillida that closes the exhibition.

   

The exhibited works

 

Marià Fortuny i Marçal

Self-portrait, circa 1864-1865

Fat pencil and charcoal pencil on paper

 

Joaquim Sorolla i Bastida

Untitled, 1881-1890

Fat pencil and charcoal pencil on paper

 

Edgar Degas

Two dancers , circa 1890

Coal and red pencil on tracing paper

 

Edward Burne-Jones

Portrait of a young woman, possibly Maria Zambaco , 1874

Pencil on paper

 

Egon Schiele

Sleeping young girl , 1909

Graphite pencil, watercolor and pastel on paper

 

Auguste Rodin

Seated figure on a yellow background , 1896-1899

Drawing on graphite pencil and watercolor on paper glued on cardboard

 

Auguste Rodin

Woman painted from the back, with green shawl , around 1900

Lead mine and watercolor on paper

 

Pablo Ruiz Picasso

Maternity , 1902-1903

Chinese ink on paper

 

Isidre Nonell i Monturiol

Seated woman , 1906

Fat and colored pencil on laid paper

 

Xavier Gosé

Characters, circa 1900

Fat pencil and cake on brown card

 

Manolo Martínez Hugué

Figure painted from back , circa 1924

Graphite pencil, watercolor and Chinese ink on paper

 

Enric Casanovas and Roy

Maternity , circa 1920-1925

Chinese ink on paper

 

Celso Lagar

Bullfight, 1937

Pastel and fat pencil on paper

 

Celso Lagar

Supported , around 1916-1920

Graphite pencil and watercolor on paper

 

Joaquim Sunyer i Miró

Pastoral , 1918

Oil and tempera on paper

 

George Grosz

One afternoon in Berlin , 1929

Watercolor, graphite pencil and ink on paper

 

Henri Matisse

Nude sitting in the studio , 1926

Graphite pencil and Chinese ink on paper

 

Henri Matisse

Woman with an agenda , 1944

Chinese ink on paper

 

Pablo Ruiz Picasso

Mademoiselle Léonie (Study), 1910

Crayon and Chinese ink on paper

 

André Lhote

Bacant , 1910

Graphite pencil on paper

 

Alexander Archipenko

Collage No. 2 , 1913

 

Paul Klee

Young palm tree , 1929

Graphite pencil and watercolor on paper

 

Pablo Ruiz Picasso

Untitled /  Harlequin and Putxinel·li, 1924

Tempera on paper

 

Rafael Barradas

Gypsies , 1917

Tempera on cardboard

 

Lyonel Feininger

Deep , 1932

Watercolor, graphite pencil and ink on paper

 

Rafael Barradas

Coffee , 1920

Chinese ink on paper

 

Albert Gleizes

New York , 1916

Tempera, watercolour and ink on paper

 

Albert Gleizes

Spanish dancer , 1916

Tempera on paper

 

Joaquín Torres-García

Building art , 1938

Chinese ink and graphite pencil on paper

 

Joaquín Torres-García

Constructive with railroad, 1930

Ink and graphite pencil on paper

 

Joaquín Torres-García

Girl from New York, 1920

Tempera on paper

 

Francis Picabia

Spanish woman / Woman with comb , 1922

Graphite pencil and watercolour on paper

 

Juan Gris

Guitar, book and newspaper , 1920

Ink and graphite pencil on paper

 

Juan Gris

Portrait of Paul Dermée, 1925

Ink and graphite pencil on paper

 

Juan Gris

The guitarist , circa 1925-1926

Graphite pencil on paper

 

Kurt Schwitters

Untitled / Merz miniature , 1920

Collage on paper

 

Salvador Dalí i Domènech

Woman , 1923

Graphite pencil on paper

 

Salvador Dalí i Domènech

Mental solitude , 1932

Ink on paper

 

Salvador Dalí i Domènech

Aesthetic war , 1943

Ink and graphite pencil on paper

 

Maruja Mallo

Stamp , 1928

Color pencils on paper

 

 

Benjamin Palencia

Seated figure , circa 1934

Graphite pencil, ink and watercolor on paper

 

Joan Miró i Ferrà

Composition , 1930

Graphite pencil on paper

 

Joan Miró i Ferrà

Battle of arrogants, 1934

Ink and pastel on Ingres pape

 

Joan Ponç

Onírico landscape with characters , 1947

Ink on card

 

Julio González

Untitled, 1940

Chinese ink and watercolor on paper

 

Ángel Ferrant

Untitled / Composition , circa 1950-1955

Graphite pen, ink and tempera on paper

 

Eduardo Chillida

Untitled, 1960

Collage on paper